Provinces: Perugia, Terni
This region is mostly mountainous and hilly and presents a landscape
rich in woods and water resources ( e.g Trasimeno lake, Falls of
Marmore – the highest in Italy). It is crossed by the Apennines,
which form numerous valleys.
The capital of Umbria, Perugia is a beautiful hill town and
important center for Umbrian and Tuscan art.
Around the town's main square, the Piazza IV Novembre, visit the
National Gallery in the Palazzo dei Priori (it houses works by Fra
Angelico, Piero della Francesca and Perugino), the Gothic cathedral
and the 13th-century marble and bronze Fontana Maggiore.
The chapel in Piazza San Severo has frescoes by Raphael and
The crumbling walls of Rocca Paolina, a fortress built in 1373,
offer great views from the highest point in town. The state-funded
Università per Stranieri (University for Foreigners) offers courses
for foreigners wishing to study Italian language and culture.
A medieval hill town in southern Umbria, Todi has an inviting
collection of meandering narrow streets, churches and squares. See
the Santa Maria della Consolazione church, San Fortunato, the Piazza
del Popolo and the views from the remaining portions of the city's
ramparts. From late March to mid April, Todi hosts the Italian
Antique Exhibition -- antique furniture, ceramics, paintings and
carpets -- in the 13th-century Palazzo Comunale.
Assisi is a well-preserved medieval town that's, after the Vatican,
Italy's second most-popular religious-pilgrimage destination.
Located high on a hilltop it was the home of St. Francis, the
founder of the Franciscan order of friars. Although the town was
rocked by an earthquake in 1997, much of the damage has been
One of the most severely damaged buildings, however, was the
treasured Basilica of San Francesco, known for its vivid frescoes by
Giotto that depict the life of the saint. The upper basilica has
recently reopened and, though restoration continues, many of the
beloved frescoes can be admired again. The lower basilica and St.
Francis' tomb are also open to the public.
Perched on a hillside in northern Umbria, charming Gubbio has
changed little since the Middle Ages. Its steep cobblestone streets,
portals, fountains and beautiful views of the countryside below are
beguiling. Be sure to visit the Piazza della Signoria and the
14th-century Palazzo dei Consoli. Every year on 15 May, Gubbio holds
the traditional Corsa dei Ceri (Candles): Men race through the
streets carrying enormous wooden poles (the "candles") with statues
of saints balanced precariously on top.
Every year this hilltown hosts the world renowned Summer Festival,
featuring music, theatre and a range of other cultural events. The
town has several interesting Roman monuments, including the
classical Arch of Druso and the Roman Theatre, the Rocca Albornoz
plus the Medieval Ponte delle Torri bridge and a number of
delightful Romanesque churches like the the cathedral of Santa Maria
Assunta with its golden Byzantine mosaic and Lippi’s frescoes.
Approaching Orvieto by car or by train, you’ll immediately notice
one of the town’s main characteristics: Orvieto rises on a a plateau
of volcanic tuff stone, called tufo, and is surrounded by a
beautiful landscape of green fields and vineyards. This charming
medieval town with Etruscan roots will enchant you with its unique
character. Orvieto played a leading role in the Etruscan
confederation from the sixth to the middle of the third century B.C.
when it was annexed to the territories of Rome.
The Etruscans chose the town to establish a sacred place for all of
Etruria: Fanum Voltumnae. In medieval times Orvieto became a free
municipality; it was during this period that almost all palazzi and
churches were built; among which the very famous Duomo - Cathedral
stands out, dating back to 1290, undoubtedly the most important
architectural landmark of the city, with its splendid Gothic facing
and the richness of the ornaments and internal chapels (frescoes by
Signorelli). The first architect was Arnolfo di Cambio, then helped
by Frà Bevignate di Perugia; Lorenzo Maitani projected the transept
and the colured façade. One of the most important pieces of art
which can be admired in the Duomo, is the Reliquary for the Holy
Linen of Bolsena.
In the ancient town we also find the Pozzo di S.Patrizio -
St.Patrick’s well, built in 1527 based on a plan of Antonio da
Sangallo il Giovane and which can be visited, the Palazzo dei Sette
from 1300, the Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo (12th Century) inside
which took place the meetings of the People's Council; the churches
of S.Andrea (12th Century), S.Domenico (12th Century) and
S.Giovenale (11th Century); the Palazzo Soliano (1262) within which,
one will find two museums: the Museo dell’Opera del Duomo and the
Museum of Modern Art. Moreover we remember the Mancinelli Theatre
(1866), the Faina Archaelogical Museum, the suggestive Underground
City and the Necropoli del Crocifisso del Tufo, dating back to the
Cascata delle Marmore
Only 7km from Terni, you reach the Marmore Waterfalls, a must for
every Umbria visit. The Waterfalls, which are immersed in a natural
scenery of incomparable beauty, are an artificial work due to the
Romans. The waters of the Velino river precipitate, in a total fall
of 165 meters, into the river-bed of the Nera which runs below.
Città della Pieve
This small characteristic, medieval town has the narrowest street of
Italy- via Baciadonne. The Duomo is dedicated to the SS. Gervasio
and and Protasio; in its interior works by Domenico Alfani and by
Perugino, who was born in this town.
The 13th-century church of Santa Maria Maggio in this charming
hilltown offers some of Pinturicchio's most wonderful frescoes.
A medieval town with a beautiful view on the Trasimeno lake.
Churches of S.Agostino, S.Sebastiano (frescoes by Perugino) and the
beautiful façade of the Collegiata.
Passignano sul Trasimeno
On the shores of Trasimeno lake. Church of S. Rocco and of S.
Bernardino. From Passignano, the Isola Maggiore on the Lake, is
easily reached by boat. There you may visit the Romanesque church of
S. Salvatore, S.Michele Archangel of the XIV century and the Villa
Isabella. A few km out of Passignano rises the small village of
Castel Rigone with one of the most elegant renaissance buildings,
the church of the Madonna dei Miracoli.
On the top of a rocky hill. Its town walls date back to the VI
century BC. The churches of San Pancrazio ,San Francesco and Madonna
delle Cinque Fonti, where San Francesco from Assisi rested, are
among the most interesting sites of this town. Remarkable also the
Palazzi Farrattini e Petrignani, dating back to the 16th century.
Famous all over the world for its artistic ceramics. Accessing the
historical centre of Deruta from the Porta di S.Michele Arcangelo,
you’ll immediately notice visible testimonies of ancient furnaces.
In the Palazzetto Municipale are hosted both the Pinacoteca and the
Museum of Ceramics. You may also visit the churches of S.Francesco,
S.Antonio and the Madonna delle Piagge whose facade is decorated
with a beautiful maiolica.
The birth-place of St.Benedict, founder of the Benedictine order.
Among the sights there are the Gothic church of St. Benedict, built
in the shape of a Latin cross with a poligonal apsis, an example of
Renaissance architecture - the "Castellina", by Vignola and nowadays
seat of the Municipal Diocesan Museum and the churches of S.Agostino,
S.Giovanni and S.Francesco.
As most of the medieval towns in Umbria, also Trevi rises on a hill.
We recommend a visit to the 12th century church of S.Emiliano, to
the church of S.Francesco and to the Pinacoteca in the Town hall,
where you may admire works by Pinturicchio and Spagna.