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Rome - The Eternal City

ROME


Inhabitants: 2.624.467 ( ISTAT)
Rome time: Rome is one hour ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)

PUBLIC HOLIDAYS
January 1, New Years Day
January 6, Epiphany
March/April, Easter Monday
April 25 Liberation Day
May 1, Labour Day
June 26, Saint Peter& Saint Paul
August 15, Ferragosto
November 1, All Saints
December 8, Immaculate Conception
December 25, Christmas Day
December 26, Saint Stephen

Ancient Rome was founded on seven hills – the Palatine, Capitoline, Aventine, Celium, Quirinal, Viminal, Esquiline – actually with a small settlement on the Palatine hill. According to tradition this is where Romulus founded Rome in 753 BC. Traces of huts, dating back to the Iron Age (8th century BC) have been found on this hill; a support to the well-known legend of Romolus and Remus. The Palatine is also the place where the Emperor Augustus later on built his Imperial Palace.

VATICAN – an independent State with S. Peter’s Basilica, the Vatican Museums, the Sixtine Chapel and the Raphael Rooms, the Vatican Gardens. The position as a state within the Italian state was guaranteed by the Lateran Treaty of 1929.

HISTORICAL CENTRE – the whole area within the Aurelian Walls; where almost all touristic sites are located, as the Pantheon, Piazza Navona, Trevi Fountain, Spanish Steps, Campo dè Fiori, Roman Forum, Colosseum etc.

AVENTINO - residential area. Interesting sights are: S.Maria in Cosmedin and the Bocca della Verità, the churches of S.Sabina, SS. Bonifacio e Alessio, the Pyramid of Caius Cestius, the Circus Maximus, the Protestant Cemetery and the Piazza Cavalieri di Malta.

TESTACCIO - this area takes it name from Monte Testaccio or Monte dei Cocci, a hill made of broken terracotta ware, deposited in Roman times. Here you may find traditional eating establishments as well as many clubs.

CELIO – The Celian hill overlooks the Colosseum and is close to the ruins of the Baths of Caracalla; visit the churches of SS.Giovanni e Paolo and S.Maria in Domnica and the Villa Celimontana.

CAMPO DE’ FIORI - the lively open-air market square is surrounded by narrow streets and Renaissance Piazzas and Palazzi, as Palazzo Farnese, Palazzo Spada and Palazzo della Cancelleria. This area is full of bars, restaurants, pubs and small shops.
TRASTEVERE – actually means “across the Tiber”, characteristic area with narrow cobbled streets, old shops, lots of pizzerie, cafès and pubs. Don’t miss the medieval church of S.Maria in Trastevere.

MONTEVERDE – a quiet, residential area surrounded by lots of greenery, Villa Doria-Pamphili and Villa Sciarra; next to Trastevere and minutes away from the Vatican.

QUIRINALE – this is the highest of the seven hills. It hosts the Palazzo del Quirinale, the official residence of the President of Italy.

MONTI – a characteristic area, close to the Colosseum, the Roman Forum and Via Nazionale. Here, Rome’s first Christian Basilica was build, S.Giovanni in Laterano.

ESQUILINO – the largest of Rome’s seven hills; it hosts the Basilica of S.Maria Maggiore, S.Prassede, S.Pudenziana, S.Pietro in Vincoli and Nero’s Golden House.

PRATI - next to the Vatican city, a residential and business area with Via Cola di Rienzo, a main shopping street.

PARIOLI – close to Villa Borghese; an elegant residential area in the northern part of Rome, where also many Embassies are located.

S.LORENZO – close to Rome’s main public University “ La Sapienza”, a student neighbourhood with many restaurants and clubs.

EUR - stays for “Esposizione Universale di Roma”, as this area was designed for the world fair of 1942 which never took place because of the war. The architect Marcello Piacentini was asked to coordinate the creation of this new quarter. It is a unique residential area, whose scheme was completed in the 1950’s.

TERMINI/P.ZZA DELLA REPUBBLICA - Termini is the main railway station, in this area there is a huge choice of both hotels and budget accommodation.

VIA VENETO – once, famous for its Dolce Vita flair, this street is lined with luxury hotels, cafès and elegant boutiques.

JEWISH GHETTO - from 1556 on all Jews of Rome were forced to live inside this enclosure, erected on the orders of Pope Paul IV. Nowadays still many Jews live in this interesting medieval area, close to the Tiber and Piazza Venezia.

VIA APPIA ANTICA – this road was started in 312 BC and extended up to Brindisi. It is lined with ruined Roman family tombs and catacombs; the Church of Domine Quo Vadis, the Catacombs of S.Callisto and S.Sebastiano.

OSTIA ANTICA – interesting archaeological area, about 25 km southwest of Rome. In Roman times Ostia was the commercial port, as well as a military base.

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Rome - The Eternal City, Rome
 
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